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Saturday, January 21, 2017

Up to 26 feet

An impressive storm today, with the offshore buoy recording wave heights up to ~26 feet:

Here's one shot with a few gulls for scale:

And another showing the amazing amount of foam that was pushed onshore:

I hope to show a few more pictures soon!

Friday, January 20, 2017

Should I stay...

...or should I go?

Two Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) deciding whether or not to flee the flying foam during stormy conditions today.

Here's another example of the flying foam:

And the sunset over stormy seas.  The swell is predicted to be over 20 feet tomorrow!

Thursday, January 19, 2017


...is the thing with feathers (Emily Dickinson)

Laysan Albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis)

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Latticework -- Part 2

Okay, here we go the answer to last night's mystery.

This story started during a beach walk on 12 January 2017.  And I'll admit, it has to do with something that drives me crazy — walking by an animal on the beach that I can't identify.  Especially when it seems like it should be identifiable, e.g., when you see the same obvious and distinctive structures over and over again.

For example, we kept encountering these clear blobs on the beach. Each of them was about the same size, and each had a noticeable purple teardrop-shaped globule.  Here are two examples:

See what I mean?  It had to be something.  It appeared to be part of an animal of some kind.  It wasn't just a random bit of goo on the sand.

I was a little frustrated that I couldn't tell what it was, but I kept looking and hoping that we would fine one with more "parts" that would reveal the identity of the animal.

And then Eric decided to place one of the blobs in some water.  They were incredibly thin and fragile and difficult to pick up, but this step was critical.  Here are two pictures of the blobs when floating:

These specimens were tattered after having come through the surf, but I hope you can see that we now had more clues.  In water the blob expanded into defined structures — broad wings, with a latticework-like design!

This brought to mind an illustration which you might recall from a post in 2012:

Modified from The Light & Smith Manual: Intertidal Invertebrates from Central California to Oregon (2007) 
Yes, this is the pteropod Corolla spectabilis.  And the blobs observed during our beach walk on 12 January 2017 represented my first close look at Corolla's wings.  I know many of you have been finding Corolla pseudoconchs on the beach this winter.  The wings are easily separated from the pseudoconch, and they're probably torn apart in rough seas, so they're not often seen on the beach.  

[In the illustration above, also note the "viscera."  The purple globule attached to the wings is a part of the gut (included in the viscera).]

For some reason, quite a few Corolla wings were washed up on 12 January, so it was a rare opportunity to observe them and the muscles in the wings.  [Remember that Corolla and other pteropods are sometimes called "sea butterflies."]

Here's the close-up again from last night's post, showing the fascinating muscle bands running through the wings:

Having seen these specimens and the pattern of the muscle bands under the microscope, can you tell what's missing from the illustration shown above?  Although there are muscle bands drawn in two directions, there's a third set at a different angle.  For the drawing to be accurate, you'd need to add one more set of muscle bands.  The latticework of muscles may be important in achieving the upstroke and downstroke of the large wings as the pteropod swims through the water.

Mystery solved!  And now if we see these blobs washed up on the beach again, we'll know what they are.

P.S.  Click here to watch a video of Corolla wings in action.

P.P.S.  And here's a reminder about the more commonly encountered Corolla pseudoconch:

Tuesday, January 17, 2017


I was researching a topic tonight and ran out of time, but I'll post a mystery photo for you to ponder:

The image above was taken under a microscope.  Do you have any guesses about what it is?  I'll provide the answer tomorrow night.  

Sunday, January 15, 2017


Okay, I know some of you have probably been waiting for me to show the 2017 Pantone Color of the Year.  ;)

Well, I've been trying to find a good match.  That is, until I photographed something that would be a good representation of the color known as "greenery."

Although it's not a perfect match, today I think I came close enough.  Here's a nice patch of moss on a stone with some late afternoon sun (photographed in Petaluma on 15 January 2017):

If you'd like to compare the color of the moss with the actual color, here's a link to the Pantone web page with a swatch of greenery.

I'll keep looking for examples of "greenery" in our landscapes (and flora and fauna), but for now I thought it would be fun to introduce the Color of the Year.

P.S. To review previous Pantone Colors of the Year, review the posts for the 2015 color "marsala" and the 2016 color "rose quartz and serenity."

Friday, January 13, 2017

Coming in for a landing

Carol mentioned she had seen a Bald Eagle near Spud Point Marina this afternoon.  So I kept an eye out for it when I went to the post office.  I didn't think I was going to see it, but then I noticed the eagle in my rear-view mirror perched on a utility pole.

I turned around and pulled up nearby and started taking some photos from the car (see below).  Then the eagle took off and flew over Bodega Harbor.  I think the eagle was chasing an Osprey (hoping to force it to drop a fish), but then, amazingly, I could see the eagle flying straight back towards the same pole that it had started on.  The picture above is of the eagle just before landing.


While perched, the eagle spent some time preening:

  Here's one more picture from the end of the preening session:

Thanks to Carol quite a few people were able to enjoy great views of this bird!  Maybe it will stay around for a little while.